Types Of Garlic And Their Effects on Our Overall Health

Garlic has been utilised since ancient times not only for its distinct flavour, but also for its myriad healing powers.

Garlic, as we know it, is simply a species of the onion genus Allium, specifically Allium sativum. Its relatives include leeks, onions, garlic, shallots, chives, and rakkyo.

Here are all of the garlic varieties and their health benefits:


Garlic has anti-inflammatory effects, as well as manganese and vitamin C, which help prevent flu and colds. Garlic is high in chromium, a vital mineral that aids in the way insulin regulates glucose levels in the body. As a result, it is critical in the case of diabetes. Furthermore, the anti-neurotic properties of pyridoxine and vitamin B present in garlic.


Many people are unaware that leeks contain folic acid, which plays an important role in overall health. The most essential vitamins in folic acid are B-complex vitamins, which have been shown to protect the heart and keep homocysteine levels in the body normal. Leek is also high in kaempferol, a bioflavonoid that protects blood vessels. Furthermore, polyphenol protects blood vessels from oxidative damage.

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Onions, like leeks, boost blood system health and protect the body from cancer. Onion extract has antimicrobial characteristics and a high concentration of sulphides, which inhibit tumour growth. Onions help to boost your immune system, keep bacteria at bay, and protect you from colds and flu.

Garlic Mustard (Brassicaceae)

Garlic mustard is exceptionally high in vitamin A, which acts as a powerful antioxidant and protects the body from cancers of the mouth, lungs, and throat. It also contains high levels of electrolytes and minerals such as calcium, potassium, phosphorus, iron, and copper. This variety has more vitamins, antioxidants, and minerals than typical garlic, making it even more nutrient-dense.


Chives, which include iron and vitamin C, can keep the body healthy and prevent weariness. It, like its cousins, can protect against a variety of diseases.

Young garlic

Young garlic is high in vitamins C and K, which are essential for bone formation. Vitamin K, in particular, is important for bone density maintenance, while vitamin C aids in collagen formation, which promotes bone strength and boosts calcium absorption from diet.

Young garlic has also been shown to protect the body from inflammations, and the sulphide or sulphur compounds it contains lessen the danger of developing colon cancer. It is also high in vitamin A, which enhances vision.

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