Surely it happened to you several times: you are going to the bathroom, but since you do not have anywhere or do not want to go to a public toilet, you get tired and decide to stay home. So what does this process look like in your body and how it affects your health?
The answers to these questions lie in the bladder and the nervous system. And to understand this, we need to know what the whole process looks like, which leads to urination.
First of all, the kidneys produce urine, which is a combination of water and food waste that you consume, which then goes into the bladder. As it is full, the bladder spreads like a bubble. Once it is full, the urine is automatically released into the urethra and stops at the outer urine, which relaxes or tightens, depending on the commands that will be sent to our nervous system – to urinate at the moment or not.
So what will happen if you do not perform this natural function of the body for a long time?
Usually, the bladder retains about 200 milliliters of urine, when the bubble spreads enough to feel through the receptors that it’s time for the toilet. When the fluid reaches 500 milliliters, the bubble widens further and becomes uncomfortable. If it reaches a maximum of 1,000 milliliters, or one liter, the bladder may burst. Most people would lose control of the bone before this happens and would urinate against their will, but in rare cases the bubble can burst and cause severe pain and the need for surgery.
The sphincter and the muscles around it are the most vital for a smooth and solid pee. Yet, keeping pee for a really long time, driving your pee to discharge, or urinating without great physical help, can debilitate these muscles after some time and cause undesirable urinating, bladder torment, a feeling of desperation, and comparable bothersome circumstances. Hence, it is never great to delay pee, says TED-Ed.